the most beautiful picture.

The metropolis of Ani, this historic place throughout the borders of our nation: It has been owned by Armenians for years. In specific: The Great Mosque in Ani metropolis is a incontrovertible fact that it was constructed after the Turks settled within the area, though it was claimed to be an Armenian construction. However, as all the time, Armenians are making extra noise of their allegations by shouting and calling, is that this the difficulty? No feedback from me.

I’m positive that whenever you learn the article beneath and are available to the top, you’ll make your individual feedback.

After all, for us vacationers, it doesn't matter who did non secular rites. The essential factor is that every nation respects the territorial integrity of one other nation. Religious perception is essentially the most pure proper of individuals, and essentially the most pure proper to ritual and worship. But if we need to come to the historic and touristic significance of the town of Ani. Here you will have the required info for a visit to the gorgeous metropolis of Ani.

“There is a village there, that village is our village, even if we don't go, that village is our village.” Yes, in case you bear in mind, proper after the Republican period, this anthem was left in our folks's recollections for a very long time. Sudden. Suddenly it’s far, however I mentioned, whether or not we go or not, it's our place, however, in case you discover a possibility, attempt to see this historical metropolis courting again 5000 years in the past, in case you move by, change your path and go. Let's go, see and shield these stunning historical ruins, each as a result of their historic options and contemplating an historical break on our land, the frenzy of proudly owning folks of one other nation.

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TRANSPORTATION:

Yes, Ani historical metropolis: 42 km from Kars province. Away. The highway is ok. It is throughout the borders of the village of Ocakli. The west aspect of the Turkey-Armenia border is the river that separates Arpaçay. You should first attain the town of Kars. Then; within the east, to the north of the Digor highway, there is just one highway resulting in the traditional metropolis of Ani. This path is reached by following. It may be very near the Armenian border. Therefore: there are border safety measures. To go from Ani to Kars, it’s a must to rent a taxi with a big sum of money. Or, if a adequate variety of vacationers are gathered, the minibus leaves.

In the previous, this was a navy forbidden zone, so I needed to go together with permission, however I discovered that there was no want for permission anymore.

GENERAL FEATURES:

The Latin identify of the town of Ani: Abnicum. Also; It is among the favourite feminine names of the Armenians.

It is the primary lodging heart on the entrance to Anatolia through the Silk Road. Therefore: it has turn out to be a significant commerce heart over time. As a outcome, there was a powerful wealth.

At that point, most likely 100 thousand folks had been residing within the metropolis. The richness and glory of the town reached such a fantastic stage that it was often known as the “1001 church city”. However: there have been main earthquakes within the area between 1319 and 1832.

Yes, this massive metropolis was deserted over time. It was deserted about 300 years in the past.

Buried on this silence lasted till the second half of the 19th century. At this date, Ani was found. When the area was occupied by the Russians in 1878, the primary archaeological work began in Ani in 1892. Nikolai Marr, Petersburg Academy of Sciences and Russian archaeologist; he began digging the town. These excavations continued till 1904. As a results of the works carried out in a big a part of the town, numerous buildings had been found and the findings had been printed in Academic journals. In 1918, through the First World War, Ottoman armies seized management over the area. Upon this: roughly 6000 items of archaeological artifacts had been kidnapped and began to be displayed within the Yerevan State Museum.

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For now, it’s ready for the times when it will likely be destroyed and destroyed as a ruined metropolis on the border of Armenia, in a navy base. Visitors, you, if you wish to go to Ani ruins and go to the traditional metropolis of this historic treasure; first that you must get permission from Kars Tourism Office, then it’s a must to go to the ruins underneath the supervision of the troopers and these journeys are sometimes forbidden. Even in case you be part of the journey: picture and digital camera are forbidden. Why: the area may be very near the border with Armenia, I want folks thought it was a really harmless touristic journey right here, however sadly nearly all of the individuals who come listed below are the individuals who come right here with totally different emotions. Hani; As I discussed earlier than, the mentality that places the hidden Armenian Flag on high of Mount Ararat. Even and even; Armenians have mentioned that they’ll do the identical of Ani simply throughout the border they usually run a quarry on this area. Funny.

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Yes, it’s essential to suppose that, whatever the previous, that is the ruins of the town of Ani, which remains to be within the territory of our nation, that’s, to simply accept this place because the legacy of an historical tradition of its personal and declare rights on these lands; Beyond nonsense is psychological well being deprivation. Because; Regardless of the tradition, this place is within the territory of my stunning nation immediately.

Yes, due to our respect for historical past, our spirit of traveler, once we are shut right here, we should go to this place and uncover these remnants of historical past from the previous, as a result of there are stunning ruins.

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HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT:

The first settlement within the sudden ruins is estimated to be between 5000 and 3000 BC. The first settlers:: They lived within the volcanic formation caves within the valley, which is thought immediately as Bostanlı Creek.

Between 900-700 BC, Urartu State rule was seen within the area. Kimmerler in 650 BC, and between 626-149 BC; The Turks (Scythian) dominated the area.

In AD 646; During the Caliph Omar, Ani and its environment handed into the arms of the Arabs. In 732 AD; Bağratlı Principality is seen. In 966; Bağratlı III. By Asot; by constructing metropolis partitions; Sudden turns into the dominion heart.

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In AD 1045; the town was conquered by the Byzantines. In 1064, the town was taken by the Seljuk Sultan Alparslan and given to the Principality of Şeddat Sons. Of course, the stage of taking the town of Ani by the Turks; As all the time in Armenian sources; It is instructed by giving the impression {that a} bloodbath was carried out. In specific, an Arab historian, counting on the eyewitness of somebody named Ibn Sibt, says that on account of the siege of the town of Ani by the Turks, a giant plunder and hundreds of individuals had been killed within the metropolis. Of course, these phrases, which haven’t any foundation, are accepted by societies who need to consider this. But; Of course, there isn’t any info, paperwork and propaganda concerning the massacres of the identical folks, along with the Russians, and the tens of hundreds of Turks they killed. So: in any case, there’s a struggle, and the struggle will in fact value some lives.

In 1131; The metropolis of Ani is devastated by an earthquake.

In 1226: The Harzemşah State and the Mongolian invasion in 1235. The metropolis is destroyed.

In 1319, a violent earthquake destroyed the town once more.

Between 1339-1344; the rule of İlhanlıs is seen. Then; Karakoyunlular after which Akkoyunlu state dominance. In 1534; It was taken underneath the rule of the Ottoman Empire by Suleiman the Magnificent.

In 1605; In Ani, one other magnitude magnitude (eighth scale) earthquake happens, after which the town turns into uninhabitable and deserted.

In 1878; Ani was invaded by the Russians and remained separate from the Motherland for 40 years. In 1921, through the War of Independence; It is taken again from the Russians.

Today's break is: MS.4. It was created by “Karsak” individuals who gave their identify to the town of Kars within the 16th century.

Yes: exterior the interior fortress, the outside partitions; By the king of Bagrat, Asot; It was in-built 964 AD. Then, King III. Sembat constructed the reinforcement wall system in 978. However: In 1064, after the Seljuk Sultan Alparslan conquered "Ani": the third metropolis wall system was constructed.

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BUILDINGS TO BE AVAILABLE;

When you arrive on the historical metropolis of Ani, you first encounter a fortress and partitions. You will enter the ruins of the traditional metropolis by passing by way of the partitions known as the lion gate. In the traditional area, the stays are scattered comparatively throughout the land. Already earlier than the archaeological excavations in 1912, the area consisted of three or 4 peaks. Because: the town, which reached a powerful civilization and crowd of individuals centuries in the past and reached the same civilization with the cities of Baghdad, Istanbul and Alexandria, was deserted centuries in the past. Because: each earthquakes and invasions intimidate the town and its folks. Yes, underneath these soil piles, the stays had been unearthed.

Although the ruins appear to be scattered, on account of the research, all of them have indicators indicating their names.

ANI CASTLE:

It is on the hill often known as the interior fortress on a flat hill, south of the town of Ani. Nikolay Marr: Excavates on the fortress ruins between 1908-1909. In these excavations: the very best stays of the hill reveal the palace stays of the Balgratid kingdom. In addition, three church buildings and lots of stays of the constructing are unknown. It is claimed that one of many church buildings is a palace church and this church is dated to the sixth or seventh century and is the oldest church within the area. However, this church collapsed on account of an earthquake in 1966.

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WALLS;

When the town was first based, that’s, to start with of the eighth century, after the town was declared because the capital by the Bagrat kingdom, the circumference of the town was surrounded by a single row of partitions by King Smat II.

Fortification partitions are a defensive order surrounding the entire metropolis. The strongest defensive partitions are situated on the north aspect of the town. The peak of the partitions made fully of tuff stone: varies between 7-Eight meters. When the Seljuks took over the town in 1064, these partitions had been supported by constructing a second wall system.

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LION DOOR:

The second wall system surrounding the outside partitions, particularly the "Arslan" reduction, which is the image of the Seljuks, is situated on the doorway door of the partitions constructed through the Seljuk interval. Lion reduction: It is 1.5 x 1 meters in measurement and is depicted standing whereas strolling.

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MANUÇEHR MOSQUE (ANI ULU MOSQUE):

It is claimed that this mosque was constructed by Emir Manuçehr. Emir Manuçehr has dominated the town since 1072. However, there’s nonetheless a whole lot of dialogue concerning the constructing date of this constructing. Because, past the architectural and archaeological elements, the understanding of nationalism and possession of Armenians emerge. The Armenians say that the constructing belonged to the interval earlier than the Turks dominated the area, and it was first a mansion through the Bagratid interval and was later transformed right into a mosque. It was additionally claimed that the constructing was a customs. All of those claims are unreliable Armenian claims, there are not any sources. However, this mosque was constructed proper after the Turks established sovereignty within the area, and with this characteristic, it’s the oldest mosque in Anatolia.

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The entrance facade of the mosque collapses in direction of the top of the 19th century. But; Until 1906, the mosque was truly utilized by the villagers shut right here. In 1906, the mosque was transformed right into a museum by Nikoli Marr, who carried out excavations within the area. For the aim of reinforcing the constructing, the roof arches on the northwest aspect are lined with partitions.

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Yes, this small museum is almost certainly, it should have been looted by the Russians or Armenians. Already immediately, objects belonging to this place are nonetheless exhibited within the Yerevan State Museum.

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In 1999, restoration works had been began within the mosque and the development of ruined partitions was accomplished.

The minaret of the mosque doesn’t coincide with the mosque, it’s believed to have been in-built a earlier interval. You can climb to the highest of the minaret by steep stairs rotating round a column. Its hill is totally open immediately. In its authentic kind, maybe, there was a stone railing. Due to the present navy restrictions, you can not climb to the highest of the minaret, it’s forbidden, but when there are not any troopers within the neighborhood, you may exit.

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BAZAAR:

It is subsequent to the Menuçehr mosque. Here: there are the ruins of the bazaar consisting of mutual retailers lined up aspect by aspect. They are utterly ruined. Only the fundamentals are seen.

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SILK ROAD BRIDGE;

It was constructed on Arpaçay. Due to the truth that it has not been used for a very long time, the center is ruined immediately and solely the toes stay intact.

WEST OF THE CITY:

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ABULHAMRANT CHURCH:

It is on the slope overlooking the Bostanlar stream within the west of the town of Ani. From the inscriptions of the constructing: it’s understood that the church was constructed by Prince Krikor Pahlavuni in 980, and in 1040, the northern locations had been added.

The church; It is fabricated from purple, black and brown clean minimize stones. It has a six leaf clover plan. It sits on a three-digit base. On the southwestern entrance: there’s an entrance. On all fronts :; there are home windows. These home windows are: skinny and lengthy, in port kind.

Above the constructing; It is roofed with a conical cone on a excessive pulley.

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ARAK ELOTS CHURCH;

It is northeast of the Abulhamrants church. According to his inscription: It was in-built 1031 by Prince Vahram Pahlavuni in reminiscence of his older brother Krikor. In 1217, a gavit was added to the south.

It was constructed with purple, black and brown clean minimize stones. It has a 4 leaf clover plan. The church a part of the constructing: it has been considerably destroyed immediately. The northern half is comparatively standing. Therefore, it’s not attainable to say something concerning the facade of the constructing. It could be seen from the ruins that the doorway of the constructing is situated on the north and south entrance axes.

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The added gavite within the south of the church is extra stable. The rectangular plan is split into two rectangular sections within the wider north-south path within the west. East entrance; It was organized within the Seljuk custom. The surfaces between the door and the niches are embellished with geometric motifs.

Structure; It can also be known as a caravanserai due to the similarity with the Seljuk constructions and using the constructing for monetary affairs.

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The fire-temple:

It is between Arak Elots church and Georgian church. It is believed that the constructing with out an inscription was constructed within the 4th century. The higher a part of the constructing has been demolished. Structure: It is positioned on excessive cylindrical bases. It has a baldached scheme composed of 4 giant columns. Between columns: It was knitted within the 12th century and become a 4 leaf clover deliberate chapel.

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GÜRCÜ CHURCH:

It is situated between the Arak Elots church and the lion gate, west of the principle highway. It has no inscription. On it: There is a Georgian edict dated 1218. Since the Georgians first seized the town in 1161, the constructing should have been constructed between 1161 and 1218, the date of the edict, most likely within the early 13th century.

Structure: It was constructed with clean minimize stones in purple and grey. Only the northern wall has survived to the current day. However, it’s understood from the ruins that the constructing, which has an oblong within the east-west path on the skin and a single nave plan on the within, has 2 flooring.

Existing north wall; It is partitioned with gradual and semicircular arches positioned on two columns at equal intervals. In the attention of the arch within the east: embossed: Mary's go to to Elizabeth, and within the west of it, the Annunciation to Mary was engraved.

NORTHWEST OF THE CITY:

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AGIK CHURCH;

It is on the slope overlooking the Bostanlar stream within the northwestern a part of the town of Ani. According to the inscriptions discovered within the excavations: the church was constructed by I. Gagik (990-1020). It was said that its building began in 995 and accomplished in 1000. The architect of the constructing is regarded as Trdat.

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Structure; it has a 4 leaf clover plan. The constructing, which was constructed with clean minimize stones; It is seated on a three-step platform. The sq. deliberate area within the heart is restricted by a big "M" formed pillar on the corners. According to those options, the construction is just like the Cathedral of Zvartnos constructed by Patriarch III in Armenia in 642-662.

CENTER OF THE CITY:

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MOMENTARY CATHEDRAL:

It is in the course of the town of Ani, northeast of Emir Ebul Manuçehr Mosque. The building of the cathedral; II. It was began within the time of Smbat (980-989) and was accomplished by King Gagik's spouse, Queen Katranide in 1001. The architect of the constructing: Trdat. The most well-known architect of medieval Armenia.

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Structure; It was constructed with clean minimize stones in purple, black and brown. It is positioned on a 3 step base. Inside: cross is deliberate. Adjacent to the northeastern wall of the cathedral: there’s a sq. deliberate annex, and in entrance of the east wall is a chapel and a pair of tomb rooms.

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The constructing is entered by way of a door within the north, south and west façade axes. On the facades of the cathedral: there are a whole lot of inscriptions. Mutual fronts: they’ve about co-arrangement. However: the western a part of the north facade is demolished.

Inside the cathedral: the square-planned area within the heart is restricted to at least one profiled elephant chair within the corners. It is roofed with a transitional dome. However, the dome has not survived.

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The cathedral was transformed right into a mosque in 1064, after Sultan Alparslan took over the town of Ani, and the primary conquest prayer was carried out right here. Therefore, the large cathedral can also be known as the Fethiye Mosque.

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An exquisite constructing. You should positively go to.

CITY'S SOUTHEASTERN SECTION:

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AZIZ PRKITCH CHURCH;

To the southeast of the town of Ani, near the large cathedral. It was in-built 1036. The ground has a circle plan. Church structure; It is domed and has two components. Inside: there are eight diagonal. The half dome within the east path is wider than the opposite dome. In 1036, King III. Built by Smbat, the church was restored by Atabek in 1291 and 1342. In 1930, on account of the lightning strike, half was destroyed.

NORTH PATCH OF ARPAÇAY:

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COPPER YEARS:

It is on the northern slope of Arpaçay. The constructing with out an inscription is dated to the second half of the 11th century, in accordance with its architectural options.

Surrounded by excessive partitions, the monastery is devoted to the nuns of Saint Hripsime. Its best-reaching construction is the church.

The church is sort of small in measurement: it was constructed with purple minimize stones. It has a six leaf clover plan. In the south path there’s a chapel adjoining to the church. Structure: It is roofed with a cone on a excessive pulley. The cylindrical pulley was become a 12-sided kind after wiping the double row of shin.

The inside is supplied with a semicircular arched door situated on the western façade axis.

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PICTURED: ST GREGORY TİGRAN HONENTS CHURCH;

It was in-built 1215 by Tigran Honents, a service provider from Ani. It has a cross plan. The inside of the bottom ground is related to the dome by 4 giant columns. The environment of the church have an oblong plan and the roof pediments of the facades are embellished with reduction animal figures. The church; It is particularly fascinating with indoor frescoes. There are frescoes symbolizing the occasions from the beginning of Jesus to the demise of the inside partitions and the dome.

tigran honents church with pictures.


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